There are times when a parent may attempt to sidestep the laws of Massachusetts and take a child out of the country after a divorce. When the child is removed from the country, a previous agreement may no longer be enforceable because the document no longer has jurisdiction. However, there is recourse for a parent in this situation. The Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction, which was held in October of 1980, created an agreement between many of the countries of the world to protect the interests of children in this situation.
The convention agreement means that any country that was a party to the agreement will take steps to ensure that the custody laws and decisions of any particular country are upheld regardless of where the child is taken. The primary objective is always to return the child to their proper country of residence and to ensure that all rights of custody and access are upheld equally in all countries that are part of the agreement. The articles of the convention may come into play if the child was taken unlawfully, as in an abduction scenario, or if a joint custody agreement is made between parents living in different countries.